62 AI MAGAZINE
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AAAI- 18 will arrive in New Orleans just prior to
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Quarter filled with lively clubs and restaurants,
world-class museums, and signature architecture.
New Orleans’ multicultural and diverse communities will make your experience in the Big Easy
unique. The Hilton New Orleans Riverside is
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about worst case, and much of AI is about using
heuristics to solve problems in practice that are computationally intractable in the worst case. There are,
however, fundamental limits to the quality of these
heuristics. There will be classes of problems that even
a superhuman intelligence cannot solve well, even
I have argued that there are many reasons why we
might never witness a technological signularity. Nev-
ertheless, even without a technological singularity, we
might still end up with machines that exhibit super-
human levels of intelligence. We might just have to
program much of this painfully ourselves. If this is the
case, the impact of AI on our economy, and on our
society, may be less dramatic than either the pessimists
or the optimists have predicted. Nevertheless, we
should start planning for the impact that AI will have
on society. Even without a technological singularity,
AI is likely to have a large impact on the nature of
work. As a second example, even quite limited AI is
likely to have a large impact on the nature of war. We
need to start planning today for this future.
The author is supported by the European Research
Council and the Asian Office of Aerospace Research
1. See Rory Cellan-Jones, Stephen Hawking Warns Artificial
Intelligence Could End Mankind, BBC News, Technology, 2
December 2014. ( www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-
Allen, P., and Greaves, M. 2011. The Singularity Isn’t Near.
MIT Technology Review (March/April), 7–65.
Bostrom, N. 2002. When Machines Outsmart Humans.
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Bostrom, N. 2014. Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies.
Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Chalmers, D. 2010. The Singularity: A Philosophical Analysis. Journal of Consciousness Studies 17( 9–10): 7–65.
Edwards, C. 2015. Growing Pains for Deep Learning.
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Kurzweil, R. 2006. The Singularity Is Near: When Humans
Transcend Biology. London: Penguin.
Pinker, S. 2008. Tech Luminaries Address Singularity. IEEE
Spectrum. Special Report: The Singularity, June 1.
Turing, A. 1963. Computing Machinery and Intelligence. In
Computers and Thought. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
Ulam, S. 1958. Tribute to John von Neumann. Bulletin of the
American Mathematical Society 64( 3).
Vinge, V. 1993. The Coming Technological Singularity: How
to Survive in the Post-Human Era. In Whole Earth Review, ed.
H. Rheingold. San Francisco: Point Foundation.
Toby Walsh is a guest professor at TU Berlin, the Scientia
Professor of Artificial Intelligence at the University of New
South Wales, and leads the Algorithmic Decision Theory
group at Data61, Australia’s Centre of Excellence for ICT
Research. He has been elected a Fellow of the Australian
Academy of Science and of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. He has won the Humboldt
research award and the NSW Premier’s Prize for Excellence
in Engineering and ICT.