12 AI MAGAZINE
Lawless, W. F. Mittu, R., Sofge, D. and Russell, S., editors.
2017. Autonomy and Artificial Intelligence: A Threat or Savior?
Lawless, W. F. 2017a. The Entangled Nature of Interdependence. Bistability, Irreproducibility and Uncertainty. Journal
of Mathematical Psychology 78: 51–64. doi.org/10.1016/j.
Lawless, W. F. 2017b. The Physics of Teams: Interdependence, Measurable Entropy and Computational Emotion.
Frontiers in Physics 5. doi.org/10.3389/fphy.2017.00030
Lawless, W. F. 2018. Resilience, Teamwork (
Interdependence) and Context: Defeating Skynet. Paper presented at
Resilience Week 2018. Denver, CO, August 20–23.
Lawless, W. F., R. Mittu, and D. A. Sofge, editors. 2018.
Computational Context: The Value, Theory and Application of Context with AI. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. doi.org/10.1201/
Llinas, J. 2016. Argumentation-Based System Support
Toolkit for Intelligence Analyses. Paper presented at the
AAAI 2016 Symposium on AI and the Mitigation of Human
Error: Anomalies, Team Metrics and Thermodynamics. Palo
Alto, CA, March 21–23.
Lucky, R. W. 2014. Why Cloning Silicon Valley Is So Hard.
IEEE Spectrum (blog). April 28, 2014. spectrum.ieee.org/
Lukianoff, G., and Haidt, J. 2018. The Coddling of the American Mind: How Good Intentions and Bad Ideas Are Setting Up a
Generation for Failure. New York: Penguin Press.
Martin, A. 2006. Pastoral Site of Historic Inventions Faces
the End. New York Times (June 14). www.nytimes.com/2006/
06/14/realestate/commercial/ 14bell.html?_r= 1&n=Top/
Marwah, K.; Katzin, D.; Zollanvari, A.; Noy, N. F.; Ramoni,
M.; and Alterovitz, G. 2012. Context-Specific Ontology
Integration: A Bayesian Approach. In AMIA Joint Summits
on Translational Science Proceedings AMIA Summit on Translational Science, 79–86. Bethesda, MD: American Medical
Massey, C., and Thaler, R. 2005. Overconfidence vs. Market
Efficiency in the National Football League, NBER Working
Paper 11270. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic
Mattis, J. 2018. Nuclear Posture Review, Secretary of Defense,
Final Report. Washington, DC: Department of Defense.
McClelland, J. L., and Rumelhart, D. E. 1988. Explorations in
Parallel Distributed Processing — A Handbook of Models, Programs, and Exercises. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Mishra, M.; Sidoti, D.; Avvari, G. V.; Mannaru, P.; Fernando
Martinez Ayala, D.; and Pattipati, K. R. 2017. Context-Driven Proactive Decision Support: Challenges and Applications. In Computational Context: Why It's Important, What
It Means, and Can It Be Computed? Papers from the 2017
AAAI Spring Symposium. Technical Report SS-17-03. Palo
Alto, CA: AAAI Press. aaai.org/Library/Symposia/Spring/
National Transportation Safety Board. 2018. Preliminary
Report Released for Crash Involving Pedestrian, Uber Technologies, Inc., Test Vehicle. Washington, DC: NTSB. www.ntsb.
Open Science Collaboration. 2015. Estimating the Reproducibility of Psychological Science. Science 349 (6251):
Payne, K. B. 2018. Deterrence: The 2018 NPR, Deterrence
Theory and Policy. Real Clear Defense (August 13). www.
Pearl, J. 2002. Reasoning with Cause and Effect. AI Magazine
23( 1): 95–111. doi.org/10.1609/aimag.v23i1.1612
Pearl, J., and Mackenzie, D. 2018. AI Can’t Reason Why.
Wall Street Journal (May 18). www.wsj.com/articles/ai-cant-
Pfautz, S. L.; Ganberg, G.; Fouse, A.; and Schurr, N. 2015.
A General Context-Aware Framework for Improved Human-System Interactions. AI Magazine 36( 2): 42–9. doi.org/
Pitt, D. 2018. Mental Representation. In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2018). plato.stanford.edu/
Rothman, R. 2018. Driverless Cars and the Perpetual Moral
Panic. Commentary 20 (March). www.commentarymagazine.
Schaefer, K. E.; Chen, J. Y. C.; Wright, J.; Aksaray, D.; and
Roy, N. 2017. Challenges with Incorporating Context into
Human-Robot Teaming. In Computational Context: Why It’s
Important, What It Means, and Can It Be Computed? Papers
from the AAAI 2017 Spring Symposium. Palo Alto, CA: AAAI
Shultz, G. P. 2018. America Can Ride the 21st Century’s
Waves of Change. Wall Street Journal (June 27). www.wsj.
Sober, E. 2009. The Power of Context. Getting Beyond
Labels and Limitations. The 99th Monkey (blog), Psychology
Today, July 10, 2009. www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-
Speaks, J. 2017. Theories of Meaning. In The Stanford
Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2017). plato.stanford.edu/
Stempel, J. 2016. Wells Fargo Admits Deception in $1.2
Billion U.S. Mortgage Accord. Reuters (April 8). www.reuters.
Viteilli, R. 2014. After Infidelity. How Can Couples Learn to
Move on Following One Partner’s Infidelity? Media Spotlight
(blog), Psychology Today, April 28, 2014. www.psychology-
Wakabayashi, D. 2018. Uber’s Self-Driving Cars Were Struggling before Arizona Crash. New York Times (March 23).
Weinberg, S. 2017. Steven Weinberg and the Puzzle of
Quantum Mechanics. The New York Review of Books (April 6).
Woo, S. 2018. Why Being First in 5G Matters. The U.S.,
China, South Korea and Japan All See a Big Payoff from
Winning the Battle for the Wireless Future. Wall Street
Journal (September 12). https://www.wsj.com/articles/why-
Zell, E., and Krizan, Z. 2014. Do People Have Insight into
Their Abilities? A Metasynthesis. Perspectives on Psychological
Science 9( 2): 111–25. doi.org/10.1177/1745691613518075
In 1983, William Lawless blew the whistle on Department
of Energy (DOE) mismanagement of military radioactive
wastes. After his PhD, he joined DOE's citizen advisory
board at its Savannah River Site where he coauthored over
100 recommendations on its cleanup. His research today is