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heavily from AI applications observations made by others. We encourage
readers to look back at Feigenbaum,
McCorduck, and Nii (1988); Feigenbaum (1993); Shrobe (1996); Shrobe
(2000;) and Jacobstein (2007).
Thanks to the following people for
generously sharing their time and their
ideas on high-impact applications and
for their observations on what (we
thought) we knew then and what (we
think) we know now: Bruce Buchanan,
Andy Chun, Edward Feigenbaum,
Markus Fromherz, Ashok Goel,
Mehmet Goker, Haym Hirsh, Neil
Jacobstein, Phil Klahr, Alain Rappaport,
Nestor Rychtyckyj, Eric Schoen, Ted
Senator, Howard Shrobe, David
Stracuzzi, Ramasamy Uthurusamy, and
Thanks especially to Bruce Buchanan
and Ed Feigenbaum for years of guidance ... and patience.
Thanks also to Jon Glick, AITopics
pioneer, and to Raj Reddy, godfather of
Finally, thanks to our families for
their foundational contributions.
This article is based on the IAAI- 16
Robert S. Engelmore Memorial Lecture
given by the first author at AAAI/IAAI
2016 in honor of Bob Engelmore’s
extraordinary service to AAAI and his
contributions to applied AI. 6
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2. For more information about CLIPS see
3. The Enterprise Search and Findability
Survey 2014, by Carl Björnfors and Mattias
Ellison, is available at www2.findwise.com/
4. Robot Operating System (ROS) is available at www.ros.org.
6. Available at www.reidgsmith.com/2016-
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