88 AI MAGAZINE
At AAAI- 15 ( 25–29 January 2015) in Austin, Texas, we met to
celebrate the impact of the Shakey project, which took place
from 1966 to 1972 at the Stanford Research Institute (now
SRI International) in Menlo Park.
We researchers in artificial intelligence during this time in
history have the privilege of working on some of the most
fundamental and exciting scientific and engineering problems of all time: What is a mind? How can a physical object
have a mind?
Some of the work going on today will appear in future text-
books, even centuries from now. We gain insights into our
own struggles in the field today by learning about the his-
torical struggles of great scientists of the past about whom we
read in today’s textbooks. The textbooks tempt us to think
that they moved surely and confidently from questions to
answers. In reality, they were frequently as confused then as
we are now, by the mysterious phenomena they were trying
to understand. When we read their history, we know the
Copyright © 2017, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. All rights reserved. ISSN 0738-4602
Conception to History
Benjamin Kuipers, Edward A. Feigenbaum, Peter E. Hart, Nils J. Nilsson
; Shakey the Robot, conceived 50 years
ago, was a seminal contribution to AI.
Shakey perceived its world, planned
how to achieve a goal, and acted to carry out that plan. This was revolutionary. At the 29th AAAI Conference on
Artificial Intelligence, attendees gathered to celebrate Shakey and to gain
insights into how the AI revolution
moves ahead. The celebration included
a panel that was chaired by Benjamin
Kuipers and featured AI pioneers Ed
Feigenbaum, Peter Hart, and Nils Nilsson. This article includes written versions of the contributions of those panelists. —ed.