4 AI MAGAZINE
ences, the number of publications on sustainability
and AI has grown from 18 published papers in 2011
to 42 papers in 2013. These statistics do not include
the numerous other papers on sustainability and AI
published in the International Conference on Com-
putational sustainability or in numerous other work-
shops and symposia on sustainability.
The next two issues of AI Magazine will highlight
recent AI research in computational sustainability,
with an emphasis on projects that have had measurable impact to practical sustainability problems.
The Three Pillars of Sustainability
Figure 1. The Three Pillars of Sustainability.
Sustainable solutions must balance between environmental, societal, and economic demands (United Nations General
Assembly 2005). Together, these interdependent aspects are known as the three pillars of sustainability. These pillars have
complex interactions at multiple spatiotemporal scales, and so must be analyzed and managed from both local and global
perspectives across many contexts. These three pillars also have a nested relationship, with the life-sustaining environment
supporting society, which in turn supports the economy (Griggs et al. 2013).