(ICAIL) held in Boston in 1987, a quarter of a century ago. Ever since that first conference, the biennial
ICAIL conference series has been a primary forum for
the exchange and discussion of the latest research insights in the interdisciplinary field of artificial intelligence and law. The Fourteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law (Rome,
Italy, June 10–14, 2013) continued from these 25-
year-old achievements, and provided a program consisting of invited lectures, full papers, research abstracts, system demonstrations, workshops, and
The invited speakers of the conference were
Rosaria Conte (ISTC-CNR, Institute for Cognitive Science and Technology of the CNR), who discussed the
emergence and change of norms of different types using agent simulations as an experimental tool; Paul
Thagard (University of Waterloo), who presented a
neural process theory of intentions, connecting to
free will and legal responsibility; and Radboud
Winkels (University of Amsterdam), who spoke about
25 years of AI and law and the difficulties of turning
data into knowledge. Peter van Koppen (Maastricht
University, Free University Amsterdam) discussed the
handling of evidence in law, and what can (and cannot) be expected from modeling tools.
There were 17 full paper presentations (selected
from 53 submissions by the international program
committee), and 13 research abstract presentations.
In order to emphasize the importance of implement-
ed systems for the field, we also called for system
demonstrations; 7 were accepted for the conference,
1 of them associated with a research abstract and 6 of
them described in a demonstration extended ab-
At this edition of ICAIL, the Donald H. Berman
best student paper award was won by Tran Thi Oanh
(Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology; JAIST) for the paper entitled “Reference Resolution in Legal Texts” that she wrote with Minh Le
Nguyen and Akira Shimazu.
Traditionally, ICAIL hosts a lively and varied program of tutorials and workshops. At this conference,
there were tutorials covering an introduction to artificial intelligence and law, web ontology and data design, LegalRuleML, and textual information extraction. There were workshops on argumentation,
coherence, open and smart data, evidence, e-discov-ery, e-justice, and network analysis. Also, the international workshop series, Computational Models of
Natural Argument, joined ICAIL for its 13th edition
The conference was held under the auspices of the
Senate of the Italian Republic with as hosting institution the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (
National Research Council of Italy), central unit in
Rome. Both AAAI and ACM SIGART were in cooperation. Conference officials were Bart Verheij (
program chair), Enrico Francesconi (conference chair),
and Anne Gardner (secretary/treasurer).
Further information about the conference is available at icail2013.ittig.cnr.it. The proceedings were
published by the Association for Computing Machinery and are available in the ACM Digital Library.
Bart Verheij is a tenured lecturer and research at the University of Groningen, Institute of Artificial Intelligence and
Cognitive Engineering, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural
Sciences. For the academic year 2013–2014 he is a resident
fellow at Stanford University participating in Codex — The
Stanford Center for Legal Informatics.
Enrico Francesconi is a reseacher at the Institute of Legal
Information Theory and Techniques of the Italian National Research Council (ITTIG-CNR).
Anne Gardner is an independent research professional
with a law degree and Ph.D. in computer science, both from